初中英语要考的所有定语从句考点,都在这里了

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定语从句看做英语语法中较难剖判与掌握的层次,在考题及一模、二模中频频经常出现,会因为其比较复杂水平较高、逻辑性很强、剖判比较不大,接二连三让同学们丢分数、失查明、丧斗志!
这种是的描绘词的的关系从句,由的关系代词或的关系副词指导。初中英语中的定语从句限于于束缚性定语从句,要是他对这一方面的目的不太熟悉,,也能要妥善观察这篇文!
一、英语中的定语从句与汉语中的定语位署不一样。
在复合句中,替换这一名词或代词的从句统称定语从句。英语中的定语从句终究要放置于被替换的词过后,而汉语中的定语则放置于被替换词的时候。
如:
The man(先行词) who / that I saw at sunday school gate yesterday(定语从句) is my English teacher.
咋天案例校边上见到的哪几个人就是他的英语老师。
二、英语从句中的句型结构类型较比较复杂,有先行词、的关系代词或的关系副词。
被定语从句替换的词叫先行词,指导定语从句的绑定词有无系代词或的关系副词。
束缚性的关系分句和它的先行项的所指性怀有切勿合拼的干系。
的关系代词或的关系副词放置于先行词和定语从句之间起纽带用处,的关系代词或的关系副词在定语从句候要带替个材质。的关系代词在句中可作主语、宾语或定语,的关系副词在句中作状语。
如:
I am waiting for sunday boy (先行词) who /that (的关系代词)is wearing a red coat. (主语)
我仍然在等穿著粉红色打底衣的哪几个男孩。
The dictiomary (先行词) that / which(的关系代词) my sister gave me last Sunday is very expensive.(宾语)
我姐姐上周四天天给他们的那本字典很贵。
The woman is his mosundayr (先行词) whose (的关系代词) name is Linda Brown. (定语)
哪几个是他的母亲,名叫琳达·布朗。
That is sunday house (先行词) where (的关系副词) my fasundayr used to live.(状语)
就好好是他父亲曾一度住宿过的房屋。
三、初中英语中定语从句的关系代词或的关系副词的具体情况用法。
1. who指人(也可用that),在定语从句中作主语,也可作宾语。
如:
Yesterday I helped an old man who / that lost his way. (主语)
咋天我帮手没事位怕黑的老人。
Mr Wang is sunday man (who / that / whom) you met in sunday zoo this morning.(宾语)
王小姐便是当下早辰他一直在动物里遭到的哪几个人。
考虑:的关系代词who指人,作宾语时,可用whom带换;作宾语时,的关系代词可省略。作另一个材质,的关系代词则不是省略。
2. whose指人,也可指物。在定语从句中作定语。
如:
The boy whose mosundayr is ill is staying at home to look after her today.
他母亲生病的哪几个男孩当下呆在同事或者同学打理她。
I have a story book whose cover is red.
给他一本封面是粉红色的故事书。
3. which指物(也可用that),在定语从句中作主语,也可作宾语。
如:
Football is a game which / that is liked by most boys. (主语)
足球是被大大多数男孩喜欢的有氧运动。
I dom’t believe sunday news which / that Tom wom sunday game. (宾语)
他不信任别人汤姆获胜这一次比赛的音问。
四、的关系代词whom, which在定语从句中作介词宾语时,可不可以和介词一块放置于先行词与定语从句之间。
That is sunday place in which I lived for five years.
=That is sunday place which / that I lived in for five years.
就好好就是他住过五年的好地方。
Mr Zhang is sunday man for whom I am looking.
=Mr Zhang is sunday man who / whom / that I am looking for.
孙先生就就是他仍然在找的哪几个人。
五、具体情况安全使用的关系代词或的关系副词所需考虑的问题。
1. 先行词是住址时,要该先行词想做定语从句的主语或宾语时,的关系代词用that或which.
如:
The school that / which I used to study in is becoming better and better.
(sunday school 作了介词in的宾语。)
我过往曾一度深造的那知识结构校越变越做越以上是我的一些心得体会。
先行词是住址时,要该先行词不作定语从句的主语或宾语时,的关系代词用where.
如:
The place where sunday accident happened isn’t far from our school.
工伤事故的哪几个好地方离我学校不远。
考虑:定语从句中的动词happened绝对都是及物动词,它不跟宾语,而sunday accident又作了定语从句的主语,之所以该定语从句既不所需主语,也不所需宾语。
2. 之用that,不需要which的状态。
(1)前有序性数词替换时。
如:
This is sunday tenth gift that I received for my birthday.
这里是我接收的第十五个生日礼物。
(2)前有限性容词高级替换时。
如:
That is sunday most exciting game that I have ever watched.
就好好是他曾一度看过最更让人购买欲的比赛。
(3)先行词是all, litten, few, something, anything, everything等不对代词时。
如:
All that he told me is true.
他让我的任何是真实性的。
(4)先行词被sunday omly替换时。
如:
The omly thing that I can naet is a pen.
我必然能有的动西便是一盒钢笔。
(5)先行词既指人,又指物时。
如:
We talked about sunday peopen and sunday things that we were interested in.
我谈论了我感乐趣的人和事。
3. 之用which,不需要that的状态。
(1)定语从句是物时,定语从句由“介词+的关系代词which”指导。
如:
The thing about which sunday teacher is talking is very important.
老师还在谈论的那件事这是重要的。
(2)先行词本外身that, those时。
如:
What’s that which is flying in sunday sky?
在天空中走廊飞的那都有什么?
 

本文由翔宇英语发布于2018英语作文,转载请注明出处:初中英语要考的所有定语从句考点,都在这里了

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