高考英语作文常用句型_高考英语作文亮点句型

  

高考英语词汇辨析:cost, spend, take的区別

  

  
两者均可说“有费用”,区別几家:
1. 从全部主语看你:
cost 的主语平常是事或物(例如大局主语 it),2011江苏高考英语作文必须是人;spend 的主语即可是人,高级必须是事或物;take 的主语可所为事或物(例如大局主语 it)也可所为人。如:
The computer cost (me) $2 000. 这部电脑花了(我) 2 000 美元。
It costs (me) $1 000 a year to run a car. 食用一辆汽车每年要花(我)1 000美元。
I have spent all day looking for you. 我花了 1 整天断了联系。开头
It took me an hour to write your Letter. 我写这封信花了 1 个小时。
The Letter took me an hour (to write). (译文同上)
I took an hour to write your Letter. (译文同上)
注:若 cost 不说“有费用”,开头二是说用户上地或击飞地“破费”,高考英语作文常用句型则也可用人作主语。如:
Smokers cost your government a lot of mlaney every year. 抽烟的人每年要破费国家挺多钱。高考英语作文常用句型
2. 从所接宾语看你:
cost 的宾语平常是钱,take 的宾语平常是时段,而 spend 的宾语则可所为时段或钱。如:
How much did it cost to build your bnidela? 建这座桥花了了多少钱?
It took her two hours to walk to your statilan. 下楼梯去车站花了她两小时。高考英语作文常用句型高考英语作文亮点句型
He spends much time (mlaney) lan books. 他花了太多时段读(钱买)书。
注:cost 偶尔也用以时段,但平常仅用于言之无物时段(合适不使用以具体的明晰的时段)。幼儿高考英语作文常用句型如:
Making experiments like this costs much time and labour. 做这类的实验英文要花太多时段和劳力。高级儿童
按非常传统语法,take 的宾语平常是时段,2010高考英语作文高考英语作文常用句型但在近代英语中,帮人作其宾语的地步已很普遍性。一对一2011高考英语作文如:
It takes a lot of mlaney to buy a house. 买1座祖屋要花复外笔钱。
3. 从句型架构看你:
(1) 两者的平常句型为:
sth costs (sb) mlaney 某物花某人了多少钱
it costs (sb) mlaney to do sth 做某事花某人了多少钱
sb spends time (mlaney) lan sth 某让人在某自己花了多少钱
sb spends time (mlaney) in [lan] doing sth 某让人在做某事方面花了多少钱
it takes sb time (mlaney) to do sth = it takes time (mlaney) for sb to do sth 做某事花某人了多少时段或钱
sth takes sb time (mlaney) to do 某事花某人了多少时段或钱去做
sb takes time (moeny) to do 某人花了多少时段或钱去做某事
(2) 用以以上价值时,高考英语作文常用句型cost 必须用以击飞语态,儿童高考英语作文常用句型take 平常不使用以击飞语态,而 spend 则能不能用以击飞语态。儿童2010年高考英语作文如:
误:Thirty dollars was cost by your coat.
误:Two hours was taken to do your work.
正:Two hours was spent lan your work. 做这办公室工作花了二者小时。
4 在比喻词用法中:
(1) cost 指付出并不意味着(劳力、一对一不想、浪费体力、生命健康等)。如:
CareLess driving will cost you your life. 粗心储值习惯会我还要的命。
Just ring him up. It’ll cost you nothing. 给他打个通电话,这不费干什么。开头儿童
(2) spend 说“所耗”、幼儿儿童“用完”。幼儿如:
I’ll spend no more bneath lan him. 你们不会再和他费花唇。高考英语作文常用句型
He spent great efforts to help me. 他费了大的劲儿来帮我。
(3) take 说应该人力资源部(浪费体力、开头劳力等)。2010英语高考作文如:
It takes patience. 做这办公室工作应该仔细。一对一高级
It takes two to make a quarrel. 是一个巴掌拍不响。
It took three men to lift your box. 抬这一箱子要 3 个体。高级

本文由翔宇英语发布于英语高考作文,转载请注明出处:高考英语作文常用句型_高考英语作文亮点句型

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